About nslookup

So here we will see about NSLOOKUP (Name Server Lookup) and some of its examples.

What is Nslookup?

Nslookup is the tool that lets you enter the hostname or domain name and see its corresponding IP address. It also lets you pass the IP address and get the corresponding hostname. (reverse DNS)

Installation, if your CentOS machine says Nslookup command not found.

$ nslookup google.com
-bash: nslookup: command not found

so here you will have to install bind-utils. To install it, simply run yum install bind-utils to take advantage of the nslookup command. If you have already seen my previous post on Dig Command, then you would have already installed it 🙂

$ yum install bind-utils

Nslookup command examples.

Now let’s see some of the examples to understand it better.

1. Display IP address

nslookup command followed by domain/hostname will display the IP address of the domain.

$ nslookup justgeek.io

Non-authoritative answer:
Name:   justgeek.io
2. Get DNS details

You can use the -type option to get various DNS details. For example to get MX records.

$ nslookup -type=mx justgeek.io

Non-authoritative answer:
justgeek.io     mail exchanger = 30 mx3.zoho.in.
justgeek.io     mail exchanger = 20 mx2.zoho.in.
justgeek.io     mail exchanger = 10 mx.zoho.in.

3. Get Nameservers

To get the nameserver of the domain using the command below


Non-authoritative answer:
justgeek.io     nameserver = jerome.ns.cloudflare.com.
justgeek.io     nameserver = kia.ns.cloudflare.com.
4. Reverse DNS

You can also check out the reverse DNS records using the Nslookup command

[centos@centos7 ~]$ nslookup       name =
5. Get information from a specific DNS server

If you want to get the information from the specific nameservers

[root@server /]# nslookup redhat.com ns1.redhat.com
Server:         ns1.redhat.com

Name:   redhat.com

we have used ns1.redhat.com as the DNS server. Here you may notice that we don’t get any “Non-authoritative answer:” header since ns1.redhat.com has all the zone information of redhat.com. If you don’t know the difference between authoritative and non-authoritative DNS then you have a look at THIS article.

6. Lookup TXT records.

If you want to look up the TXT records of the domain, you can use the command below.

$ nslookup -type=txt justgeek.io

Non-authoritative answer:
justgeek.io     text = "google-site-verification=FCqdK9l9pjUoqW4a6I0vRqA_0AR-hLJrSv8zLAiA9EU"
justgeek.io     text = "v=spf1 include:zoho.in ~all"
justgeek.io     text = "zoho-verification=zb28932709.zmverify.zoho.in"

Authoritative answers can be found from:

The nslookup command doesn’t end here there are tons of options you can use with it. You can check out the image below which will give some pointers.

About Nslookup

As you would see the DIG command and Nslookup command have a lot of similarities. However, someday I will post the difference between them and which one to use.

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